Тесты ЕГЭ по английскому языку. № 3-3.

Вы услышите интервью с двумя людьми, отправляющимися в экспедицию. В заданиях A8-A14 вставьте цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному варианту ответа. Прослушайте запись дважды. Во время первого прослушивания заносите только те ответы, в которых вы уверены. Во время второго прослушивания ответьте на оставшиеся утверждения.

A8 According to the interviewer, what did the advertisement for the expedition emphasise?
1) The belief that it is likely to be successful.
2) That it is mainly for inexperienced people.
3) How dangerous it could prove to be.

A9 Alex says that becoming a polar explorer involves
I) persuading yourself that you can do extraordinary things.
2) coping with being unable to communicate with others.
3) building relationships with others in difficult circumstances.

A10 When the group’s first training weekend was held,
l) certain people were told to give the others lifts to the venue.
2) they all had to work out both where it was happening and when.
3) Joanne and Alex had never met each other before.

A11 When Joanne and Alex were training in the Canadian Arctic,
l) Joanne learned something unexpected.
2) Alex did something he had been warned not to do.
3) they helped each other learn about body temperature.

A12 Joanne says that while she has been preparing for the expedition, she has
l) had difficulty in controlling her weight.
2) done an activity that has attracted attention to her.
3) built her own sleds to practise with.

A13 When Joanne returned to the team after suffering from flu,
l) a memorable sight was pointed out to her.
2) she discovered that she had just missed a fantastic opportunity.
3) she wondered what the others were looking at.

A14 When asked about their feelings about the expedition at the end of the interview,
l) Joanne says that she has a sense of achievement before it even starts.
2) Alex says that he fears it may not live up to his expectations.
3) they both say that they feel their lives will never be the same after it.

 

Ответы на тест.
А8 3 Экспедиция описывалась в объявлениях как "опасная" ('а hazardous journey'), с "сомнительной вероятностью возвращения" ('а safe return doubtful').
 
А9 2 Алекс говорит, что для того, чтобы стать полярным исследователем, необходимо выработать "умственную выносливость" ('resilience'). Это необходимо потому, что во время экспедиции они каждый день будут подолгу "идти в колонне по одному" ('walking in single file') "лишь с собственными мыслями в качестве компании" ('with just our thoughts to keep us company') (рядом не будет никого, с кем можно было бы поговорить).
 
A10 3 Джоанн отвечает "Да" ('Yes') на вопрос, правда ли, что они с Алексом не были знакомы друг с другом ('strangers'), когда встретились в первый выходной, посвященный тренировкам. Им всем прислали информацию о месте н времени встречи и номера телефонов остальных членов команды, но Джоанн и Алекс раньше никогда не встречались.
 
A11 1 По словам Джоанн, она узнала "к своему удивлению" (surprisingly), что жара может оказаться в Арктике проблемой наравне с холодом. Она ожидала, что проблемой будут низкие температуры, но с удивлением обнаружила, что проблемой там может оказаться и жара.
 
А12 2 Джоанн рассказывает, что для того, чтобы научиться таскать сани ('sleds') во время экспедиции, она "волочила в местном парке автомобильные шины" ('pulling tyres in the local park'). Эта тренировка была "ближе всего к тому, чтобы тащить сани" ('is the closest thing to pulling a sled'). Она говорит, что во время тренировок "она ловила на себе странные взгляды" ('had some odd looks from people"). Люди смотрели на нее, и по их лицам было видно, что они считают ее занятие весьма странным.
 
А13 3 Вернувшись к остальным членам команды, она увидела, что они "все вглядывались в линию горизонта" ('all looking out at the horizon"). Она и все те, то до этого болел, хотели узнать, что разглядывают их товарищи, и "проследили за их взглядами" ('tracked their gaze'). Выяснилось, что члены команды смотрели на видневшуюся вдали белую медведицу с медвежатами.
 
A14 1 Джоанн говорит, что она "уже многое извлекла из этого" ( 'got so much from it already'). Она чувствует, что, приняв участие в экспедиции, она достигла чего-то важного еще до ее начала. Это потому что она оказалась "способна выжить в подобных условиях" ('able to survive somewhere like that) (в условиях Канадской Арктики). Таким образом, она чувствует, что уже обрела нечто ценное, потому что во время тренировок смогла выжить в Арктике.
 

Interviewer: Alex Morales, a journalist, and Joanne Butcher, who works with children, are about to embark on a journey through the most inhospitable place on Earth - the Arctic. It is more than a year since they applied to go on an expedition advertised as 'a hazardous journey' with 'a safe return doubtful'. Jim McNeil, the renowned Arctic explorer, is leading the Ice Warrior project, aiming to reach all four North Poles in one season, which if successful, will be a world record. Such a task, you may assume, must surely be undertaken by highly experienced travelers. Does that describe you, Joanne?

Joanne: Er, no! I'd never even skied before we did the training to prepare for the expedition, so I spent a lot of time falling over at first.

Interviewer: Now, Jim McNeil's motto is, even 'ordinary people can do extraordinary things'. So Alex, what does it take to turn from an ice novice into a polar explorer'?

Alex: The most important thing is building up mental resilience, as the conditions are pretty miserable at times. Although we are a very close team, we'll be walking alone in single file for a large part of each day with just our thoughts to keep us company.

Interviewer: Now you two were strangers when you met at the first of the training weekends, weren't you?

Joanne: Yes, each member of the group was sent an email telling us to meet at a certain map reference on a set time and day. We were given the phone numbers of the other people in the group and told to get there in as few cars as possible.

Interviewer: Now, you'll be battling extremely low temperatures. What training have you done for that?

Alex: Well, a major part of the training was a three-and-a-half-week trip to the Canadian Arctic to learn how to manage body temperatures. One day I took my gloves off and literally in about 15 seconds my fingers felt like wood.

Joanne: But, surprisingly, heat can be a problem too. Once we only had T-shirts on because we were pulling a sled all day. You have to be careful not to sweat as it can freeze on to you and plummet your body temperature.

Interviewer: How difficult is it to prepare for such a trip?

Joanne: Well, we've both been putting on some weight to help maintain body heat, but at the same time we've had to pursue a healthy diet for fitness levels, as pulling the sleds containing all our equipment and supplies requires a huge amount of body strength. Pulling tyres in the local park has been a regular activity for me. I've had some odd looks from people, but it's the closest thing to pulling a sled.

Interviewer: It all sounds very hard! But presumably, there have been some good moments that have made you want to carry on?

Joanne: Yes, while were training in Canada, a few of us had been off the ice for a few days because of flu. We were transported back to the rest of the team on a skidoo and when we saw them, they were all looking out at the horizon. When we tracked their gaze, there was a polar bear with two cubs roaming on the ice. You just can't describe it.

Interviewer: Well, talking to you, I can see that you're both full of excitement and relishing the challenge that lies ahead. Am I right?

Joanne: I have got so much from it already, just by being able to survive somewhere like that. People ask me how I can enjoy it. Well, I just do!

Alex: I reckon I'll find it difficult to slip back into everyday normality when I get back. I might get itchy feet and want to go somewhere else. Let's see how many fingers I come back with first!

 

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